” It is not possible to measure simultaneously the position and the momentum of a microscopic particle with absolute accuracy or certainty”.
In simple form we can also say that…
The product of uncertainty in position and uncertainty in momentum of a microscopic particle is always constant and is equal to or greater than h/4π..you can see below :
where, Δx = uncertainty in measuring exact position
From the above relationship it is evident that:
i) IF Δx is very small : then the position of the microscopic particle can be measured accurately but Δp will be very large which means that momentum or velocity of the particle cannot be measured with accuracy.
ii) IF Δp is very small : Then the momentum. or velocity of the microscopic particle can be measured accurately but uncertainty will be introduced in measuring its position.
This is about Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. In my next posts I’ll discuss more such topics. If you like my post then Subscribe to our newsletter so that you can get daily tutorials.